Agriculture Class 10 Notes – Prepare CBSE & ICSE Board Exams 2022

We know you are here for NCERT agriculture class 10 notes in English & Hindi. These notes are very helpful for CBSE and ICSE exams that contain complete details about class (x) geography’s chapter 4 agriculture with important questions and answers. You will also get topics like technological and institutional reforms, the impact of globalization on agriculture here that are described in points. At the last, we will also provide short, detailed, and handwritten notes in both pdf & ppt form. So, stay here and read the complete article.

Agriculture Class 10 Notes Topic Wise

Following are the subtopics of agriculture chapter 4:

What is Agriculture?

Agriculture is a primary production activity that involves the cultivation of crops and the rearing of animals for food, fiber, and other products. It is also a human activity along with being a science, it’s a culture, a tradition, and a lifestyle. With the rise in the population of the world, the need for food has increased substantially. But agriculture has the potential to meet the growing food requirements of the world’s population, enhancing human health and wellbeing.

Farming and Its Types

Farming is a profession that has been around for thousands of years. It involves the growing and raising of crops and livestock. It has been an important source of food and income for people all over the world. We tend to take farming for granted nowadays but there was a time when it was an incredibly dangerous job. There are various types of farming are practiced in the Indian region but we will tell you about major ones.

Primitive Subsistence Farming

In this kind, farmers cultivate small portions of land using primitive tools. This means that they clear a patch of forest and start growing crops on it. It allows the family to have enough food to eat, as well as replenish the soil with natural fertilizers! The portion of land that is farmed this way is called jhum. Jhum requires no farming equipment, wells are sometimes used to irrigate crops instead of using irrigation or drip hoses for more control over watering times. Most notably, jhum farming has little to no impact on the forest, allowing it to regenerate naturally.

Intensive Subsistence Farming

Growing multiple crops simultaneously is a way of intensive subsistence farming that can be done on land with high population densities, but it’s also practiced in areas of low population densities. Its main advantage is higher productivity per unit area because using more inputs increases yields. During the growing season, multiple crops are grown in the same space at the same time. This may mean planting different types of plants at different times during the year or doing things to make one crop shade another. However, the method only produces one harvest per year because they all mature at different times.

Commercial Agriculture

In this type, crops are commercially grown on larger plots of land in a more industrial and scientific manner using machines & the latest agriculture technology. Industrial applications feed off of it, it helps to produce enough food to make do for society’s needs in almost every area in the country.

The degree to which they harvest in particular regions varies, for examples rice in Punjab is largely commercialized – produced in industrial amounts for use as food, with Odisha harvesting rice primarily as a means to produce sustenance. In this way, industrial agriculture feeding urban populations throughout India with vast agricultural fields and acreages with villages near villages across state lines.

Cropping Seasons

Weather is one of the most important factors that decide the cropping season of any region. With the changing weather conditions, the cropping seasons are also changing in India. So, there are three types of cropping seasons in India, let’s discuss them in detail:

Rabi Crops

Sowing MonthsHarvesting MonthsCrops We Get
October to December in Winter SeasonApril to June in Summer SeasonPeas, Mustard, Barley, Wheat, Gram

Kharif Crops

Sowing MonthsHarvesting MonthsCrops We Get
April to MaySeptember to OctoberMillets, Jowar, Bajra, Maize, Rice, Moong, Cotton, Urad, Soyabean, Groundnut, and Jute.

Zaid Crops

Sowing MonthsHarvesting MonthsCrops We Get
March to AprilJune to JulyCucumber, Muskmelon, Watermelon, Vegetables, Pumpkin, Fodder Crops, and Bitter Gourd.

Major Crops in India

The number of food crops grown in India is ever increasing. There are many reasons why we should keep track of these increased quantities as they will help not only to address malnutrition and hunger but also ensure the economy and market stability as a whole continues to grow and expand. The major crops in India are divided into two categories that are given below:

Food Crops

There are 9 types of major food crops that are grown on a large scale in India:

  • Coffee
  • Maize
  • Millets
  • Oil seeds
  • Pulses
  • Rice
  • Sugarcane
  • Tea
  • Wheat

Non-Food Crops

The four non-food crops are given below:

  • Cotton
  • Fiber
  • Jute
  • Rubber

Technological and Institutional Reforms

India’s agricultural business is booming! But did you know that more than 58% (according to Wikipedia) of India’s population is employed in this field? Yeah, it might seem like the majority of our countryfolk are farming but that’s because they’re doing amazing things due to the schemes like Personal Accident Insurance Scheme and Kisan Credit Card, initiated by the Government.

Each program had its own purpose – with one focusing on increasing crop output while also enriching soil quality while the other aimed to increase livestock production while providing farmers with insurance options to protect themselves against unforeseen mishaps. It may not be fair but it’s important for everyone to understand these sectors can create jobs if they help improve them – so let’s encourage more homegrown products so we can keep expanding our exports.

Impact of Globalization on Agriculture

Globalization is not new, it has roots in the colonization of lands around the world by European countries. Today, some companies have tweaked the idea of globalization so that entire industries can benefit from its consequences. But while some companies prosper, some farmers are hurt more than helped by the negative consequences of globalization. This is due to how policies are framed.

An example of this is evident in what happened during the Champaran movement in Bihar in 1917. As compared to today’s farmers, who are being expected to modernize their farms through biotechnology and genetically modified crops, these Champaran farmers were asked to produce more cotton by growing more indigo in their fields. The changes had an adverse effect on yield because of which they did not even receive fair payment for their labor. Thus, while western countries try to achieve profit through outsourcing, using cheaper labor forces overseas – many innocent lives remain at risk for profit.

How to Get Agriculture Class 10 Notes in Pdf & Ppt?

If you want to learn geography’s chapter 4 agriculture in detail then you should read the complete notes that are given below. These notes are in a short and detailed form that helps to pick all the agriculture concepts easily.

For BoardsCBSE & ICSE
Class10
Chapter NameAgriculture
Chapter No.4
Short Notes in Pdf & Ppt (English + Hindi)Available
Detailed Notes in Pdf & Ppt (English + Hindi)Available
Important Question & AnswersAvailable

Final Words

Well, agriculture is the most important subject for the students who are studying it and willing to become a farmer or a scientist. Above the article, you will find all the important information about agriculture class 10 notes. These notes are very important for the students because it will help them to solve the question paper easily. If you have any questions related to this blog post then you can ask in the comment section.

Also Read: Shubhra Ranjan Notes Pdf

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